# LGCPs - An example in space and time

#### Fabian E. Bachl and Finn Lindgren

#### Generated on 2023-02-02

Source:`vignettes/web/2d_lgcp_spatiotemporal.Rmd`

`2d_lgcp_spatiotemporal.Rmd`

## Introduction

For this vignette we are going to be working with a dataset obtained
from the `R`

package `MRSea`

. We will set up a
LGCP with a spatio-temporal SPDE model to estimate species
distribution.

## Get the data

Load the dataset, that has coordinates in UTM in kilometres:

`data(mrsea, package = "inlabru")`

The points (representing animals) and the sampling regions of this dataset are associated with a season. Let’s have a look at the observed points and sampling regions for all seasons:

```
ggplot() +
gg(mrsea$mesh) +
gg(mrsea$boundary) +
gg(mrsea$samplers) +
gg(mrsea$points, size = 0.5) +
coord_fixed() +
facet_wrap(~season) +
ggtitle("MRSea observation seasons")
```

## Integration points

The `inlbru`

point process model known how to construct
the numerical integration scheme for the LGCP likelihood. We can also
call the internal functions directly to see what the integration scheme
will look like. Because our model will take time (season) into account
we have to construct the integration points for the LGCP accordingly.
Using the `group`

parameter we can let the
`ipoints()`

function know that we would like to construct the
integration points for each season independently. Note that omitting
this step would simply aggregate all sampling regions over time.

```
ips <- ipoints(
samplers = mrsea$samplers,
domain = mrsea$mesh,
group = "season"
)
```

Plot the integration points:

```
ggplot() +
gg(mrsea$mesh) +
gg(ips, aes(size = weight)) +
facet_wrap(~season) +
coord_fixed()
```

## Fitting the model

Fit an LGCP model to the locations of the animals. In this example we
will employ a spatio-temporal SPDE. Note how the `group`

and
`ngroup`

parameters are employed to let the SPDE model know
about the name of the time dimension (season) and the total number of
distinct points in time.

```
matern <- inla.spde2.pcmatern(mrsea$mesh,
prior.sigma = c(0.1, 0.01),
prior.range = c(10, 0.01)
)
cmp <- coordinates + season ~ Intercept(1) +
mySmooth(
coordinates,
model = matern,
group = season,
ngroup = 4
)
fit <- lgcp(cmp,
data = mrsea$points,
samplers = mrsea$samplers,
domain = list(
coordinates = mrsea$mesh,
season = seq_len(4)
)
)
```

Predict and plot the intensity for all seasons:

```
ppxl <- pixels(mrsea$mesh, mask = mrsea$boundary)
ppxl_all <- cprod(ppxl, data.frame(season = seq_len(4)))
lambda1 <- predict(fit, ppxl_all, ~ data.frame(season = season, lambda = exp(mySmooth + Intercept)))
```

```
pl1 <- ggplot() +
gg(lambda1, aes(fill = mean)) +
gg(mrsea$points, size = 0.3) +
facet_wrap(~season) +
coord_equal()
pl1
```